Orthodontics and Braces
April 13, 2019Uncategorized
- Your smile is your image and greeting to the world. It is the first thing to get noticed in your face. Not everyone is born with a beautiful smile, some have crowded teeth or spaces between their teeth. Unattractive smiles may cause embarrassment and lack of confidence. Orthodontic treatment and getting braces is the best way to perfect your smile.
- Orthodontic treatment is required to correct malocclusion, that is teeth irregularities and bite problems. Orthodontic appliances are numerous like braces, removable plates and aligners.
- Braces may be metal, ceramic (clear) or self ligation like Damon braces. Braces are the best method to correct the bite, align crooked teeth and perfect the smile because they offer three dimensional control of the teeth and are better controlled by the orthodontist. However braces need a specialized orthodontist professional with at least a master degree in orthodontics and not a general dentist who took a few courses as tooth movement involves a lot of mechanics taught only in specialized programs in accredited universities.
- Removable plates are also orthodontic appliances used mostly in developing malocclusions and mixed dentition cases to correct irregularities that must be corrected to prevent any further complications like cross bites.
- Aligners like Invisalign are removable orthodontic appliances used to align the teeth and require a specialized laboratory for their fabrication. However they require patient’s compliance and wear for 22 hours daily. Their results are 70% for bite correction and are difficult to control, some cases require braces for a few month to finish the case properly. However they provide alignment and smile correction.
- Treatment age differs according to the problem present. Problems involving bite problems like open bites ,cross bites and jaw discrepancy problems require early treatment before growth is completed to be able to apply orthopedic corrections. However cases involving crowding and misalignment and protrusion of both jaws are better treated in the adolescent stage after eruption of the permanent teeth. Adults also benefit from orthodontic treatment with no limit to age, however teeth movement is quicker at a young age.
- Leaving the teeth crooked and irregular or a faulty bite like deep, open or cross bite will affect the health of the teeth and their supporting structures and may cause early loss of the teeth. Crooked teeth are difficult to clean and are more prone to caries and cavities.
- How long does orthodontic treatment take?
- Orthodontic treatment lasts about two years, however treatment length depends on the difficulty of the case. Simple cases take like a year while complex and difficult cases may last for three years.
- Do teeth relapse after orthodontic correction?
- After orthodontic correction it is essential to wear your retainers for at least one year depending on the type of malocclusion that was present. Some cases even require a fixed retainer. If you neglect or don’t wear your retainer your teeth will definitely move and you will not retain your nice smile. You should take off your retainers gradually under your orthodontist supervision.